Month: November 2020
On both sides of the border were trying to close the gaps, he said. But determining how much risk those gaps in rules represent and what to do about tricky problems such as handling SRM disposal is still hotly debated, he said. The FDA had also previously banned high-risk cattle tissues, or “specified risk materials” (SRMs), from human food, food supplements, and cosmetics. SRMstissues most likely to harbor the BSE agent in an infected animalinclude the brain, skull, eyes, spinal cord, vertebral column, and certain nerve bundles in cattle 30 months or older, plus the tonsils and small intestine of all cattle. Officials reiterated that message recently in response to a new round of questions raised by media reports over tracing of animal feed suspected of containing materials from the BSE-infected cow found in Canada last year. “FDA recommends that any such adulterated feed or feed ingredients be recalled or otherwise removed from the marketplace,” the guideline says. The FDA recommendation is not binding, and the agency said it would continue to accept comments on it. Cattle can contract the prion disease BSE, one of several transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, by eating feed containing material from infected cattle. To prevent this, in 1997 the FDA banned the use of most mammalian protein in feed for ruminant animals. The rendering of cattle into feed for nonruminant animals such as pigs and chickens remains a common practice, but it has come under heightened scrutiny since the discovery of one cow with BSE in Canada and one in the United States in 2003. The concern is that contaminated material could be fed to cattle through cross-contamination in feed plants or if feed intended for other animals is given to cattle. The challenge becomes that there are lots of ways for the material to get back into cattle feed, Hueston said. See also: The latest recommendation is another government step to close gaps in BSE prevention, said Will Hueston, DVM, PhD, director of the University of Minnesota’s Center for Animal Health and Food Safety in St. Paul. Hueston was also part of an international review team (IRT) that assessed BSE cases in the United States and Canada. Sept 30 FDA guidance on use of material from BSE-positive cattle in animal feedhttp://www.fda.gov/OHRMS/DOCKETS/98fr/2004d-0438-gdl0001.pdf Canada and the United States may be close to taking what some view as a key step in that process: banning SRMs from all animal feed. FDA announced last July its intention to propose such a ban. Roughly 1,400 individuals and 100 industry groups sent letters during a subsequent comment period, Linda Grassie, the communications director for the FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine, said today. Testing backlogs led to the infected animal being rendered, Sergio Tolusso, feed program director for the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, told Meatingplace.com last week. Investigators traced the feed, visited 200 farms and found several cases where cattle encountered the feed, intended only for pigs and chickens. Three cattle farms were quarantined and 63 cattle destroyed, according to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Hueston said that ideally, Canada and the United States would develop complementary response systems. Oct 15, 2004 (CIDRAP News) The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has announced a new guideline to prevent the use of cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in any animal feed. Though a proposal is expected, Grassie said she doesnt know when it will be issued. Canada is also expected to take its rules a step further soon. The Canadian government announced in July that it would ban the use of SRMs in animal feed. One reason for the delay in implementing the Canadian ban is the problem of determining how to safely dispose of those body parts, officials said. The use of most mammalian protein in cattle feed has been banned since 1997, but the Sep 30 recommendation, which took effect immediately, goes further. It says that animal feed and feed ingredients with material obtained from a BSE-positive animal are considered adulterated and cannot be fed to any other animals.
Aug 3, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – In an apparent policy shift, Indonesia promised today to freely share genetic data on H5N1 avian influenza viruses, according to a Bloomberg news report.That announcement comes 2 days after the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) pledged to “systematically” publish avian flu virus sequences and urged others to follow suit.The two announcements raise the prospect of better tracking of mutations in the virus, which should help in the development of vaccines to use in case the H5N1 virus evolves into a strain capable of causing a human pandemic.Indonesia’s health minister, Siti Fadilah Supari, said the country will deposit avian flu virus data in GenBank, a public database of genetic sequences, according to today’s Bloomberg report. She said data from the recent family case cluster in Sumatra involving person-to-person transmission would be included.The journal Nature reported Jul 28 that until very recently, Indonesia had shared few, if any, H5N1 virus samples from birds over the past year. Peter Roeder, an FAO official in Indonesia, was quoted as saying the FAO had received no sequence data from poultry viruses from August 2005 until very recently, when 91 samples arrived at an OIE facility in Geelong, Australia.The Indonesian announcement was welcomed by the World Health Organization (WHO), according to Bloomberg. “We are very pleased with the Indonesian government decision. This will be important for the international response to avian influenza,” George Petersen, WHO representative in the country, told Bloomberg.The OIE and FAO announced Aug 1 that their joint network of expertise on avian influenza, called OFFLU, would “systematically make avian influenza virus sequences accessible to the entire scientific community,” according to an FAO news release. The groups promised to send virus samples to the US National Institutes of Health for sequencing and would deposit the sequence data in GenBank.”With this gesture OFFLU reiterates its call to the world’s scientists, international organizations and countries for a global sharing of virus strains and sequences,” the FAO said.Virus strains are often considered intellectual property, and some experts believe that sharing them can possibly hamper research progress and scientific publication, the FAO statement said.OFFLU was launched in April 2005 with the aim of sharing avian flu data and virus samples internally and with the wider scientific community, the FAO said. In February of this year, OFFLU launched a campaign for openness when Dr. Ilaria Capua of Italy, chair of the network’s Scientific Committee, published sequence data on H5N1 strains from Nigeria and Italy and urged 50 colleagues around the world to share their data.In March, the OFFLU Scientific Committee decided “to put new emphasis on the need for further collection, characterization, and exchange” of avian flu viruses and for expansion of sequence data, the FAO reported. At about the same time, Capua and four OFFLU colleagues wrote a letter to the journal Science promising to make H5N1 samples available for sequencing.See also:Aug 1 FAO news release about H5N1 data sharinghttp://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2006/1000374/index.htmlAug 1 OIE news releasehttp://web.oie.int/eng/press/en_060801.htmOFFLU sitehttp://www.offlu.net/
Mar 31, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Indonesia’s health ministry today announced fatal H5N1 avian influenza infections in two young people, aged 11 and 15, and said a 22-month-old girl is hospitalized with an H5N1 infection.If the World Health Organization (WHO) confirms the three cases, its human H5N1 count for Indonesia will reach 132 cases with 107 deaths.Nyoman Kandun, director general of communicable diseases for Indonesia’s health ministry, said one of the patients is a 15-year-old boy from Subang, West Java province, who died on Mar 26, according to a Reuters report today.The boy’s brother died recently, but Kandun told Reuters the deaths do not represent a family case cluster, because the brother died of dengue fever. No other details were available about the brother, such as whether health officials obtained and tested samples for the H5N1 virus.Kandun said the 11-year-old girl died Mar 28 and was from Bekasi, east of Jakarta, according to the Reuters report. Some media outlets are reporting the girl’s age as 12.Kandun said dead chickens were found in the boy’s neighborhood, but officials weren’t sure if the girl had been exposed to sick or dead birds, Reuters reported.The health ministry said today that a 22-month-old girl from Bukit Tinggi in West Sumatra has tested positive for an H5N1 infection, according to Reuters.She was transferred to a bird flu specialty hospital on Mar 24 after she experienced a high fever and other suspicious symptoms, Agence France-Presse reported today.Lily Sulistyowati, spokeswoman for Indonesia’s health ministry, told Reuters the girl got sick on Mar 19 and is receiving treatment at a hospital in Padang, where her condition is improving.Animal-health authorities are checking the girl’s neighborhood to determine if she could have been exposed to infected backyard poultry, Reuters reported.Indonesia leads the world in H5N1 cases and deaths. WHO confirmation of the latest illnesses will raise the global H5N1 total to 376 cases with 238 deaths.
Oct 28, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – A fifth case has been confirmed in the recent outbreak of febrile illnesses caused by a mysterious virus in South Africa, and preliminary tests have supported earlier suspicions that it is new member of the arenavirus family, South African health officials announced recently. Another nurse, who helped take care of the paramedic, also got sick but has so far survived. Melinda Pelser, a spokeswoman for Morningside Medi-Clinic in Johannesburg, where the nurse works and is being treated, said she was in serious condition but “on the road to recovery,” according to the Independent Online report. In the fatal cases, the illness lasted 9 to 12 days, culminating in sudden deterioration with respiratory distress, neurologic signs, and circulatory collapse. The agency said there were no more suspected cases in the outbreak. The number of people being monitored because of possible exposure to the patients has dropped from 94 to 31, according to the Independent Online. The NICD said tests by its own laboratory and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have confirmed an Old World arenavirus in all five cases. An analysis of genetic sequence data generated by the NICD, the CDC, and Columbia University in New York City “appears to indicate that the current outbreak is caused by a unique Old World arenavirus,” the NICD statement said. The illness worsened in the course of a week, with all four patients suffering diarrhea, sore throat, and a rash on the face and throat. Three patients also had facial swelling. The cleaner, a woman named Maria Mokubong, died Oct 6, according to a report today by the Independent Online, a South African news service. “Bleeding was not a prominent feature,” but one patient had a petechial rash, and another had oozing of blood from venipuncture sites. Oct 13 CIDRAP News story “Tests indicate an arenavirus in South African deaths” The hospital cleaner who died of the infection was bleeding and confused when she presented for treatment, and she died soon afterward, the NICD said. The agency gave the following clinical profile for the other patients: Arenaviruses are carried by rodents and secreted in their urine. Recognized “Old World” arenaviruses include lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (which actually occurs worldwide) and Lassa fever virus, which affects as many as 500,000 people annually in West Africa, the NICD said. Several arenaviruses found in South America, including Junin, Machupo, Sabia, and Guanarito viruses, cause a hemorrhagic fever syndrome, the statement noted. A worker who fell ill and died after cleaning a hospital room where the first case-patient in the outbreak had stayed was confirmed to have the virus, South Africa’s National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) said in an Oct 24 update. Three other people had died of the virus earlier. The first was a Zambian woman who fell ill during a safari in South Africa. Subsequently a paramedic who helped care for the Zambian woman during her transfer to a Johannesburg hospital and a nurse who cared for the same patient during her hospitalization succumbed to the virus. CIDRAP overview of viral hemorrhagic fevershttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/bt/vhf/biofacts/index.html All initially presented with an influenza-like illness including fever, headache, and muscle aches. See also: “Preliminary testing indicates that the virus associated with the present nosocomial outbreak is a distinct new member of the family,” the NICD added.
Apr 20, 2009Canada set to shuffle antiviral stockpileCanada will adjust the combination of antiviral medications in its national emergency stockpile because of concern about ostelamivir (Tamiflu) resistance among influenza viruses, the Canadian Press (CP) reported today. The Public Health Agency of Canada said it will boost its supply of zanamivir (Relenza), along with older antiviral medications such as amantadine and rimantadine. Canada’s emergency stockpile, a backup to the country’s national antiviral stockpile, currently contains 14 million doses, enough to treat 1.4 million people. Arlene King, a federal pandemic planning official, told the CP that discussions are under way with provincial and local officials to also adjust the mix of medications in the national antiviral stockpile, which holds most of the country’s pandemic flu drugs—55.7 million doses, enough to treat about 5.6 million people.[Apr 20 CP story] H5N1 hits Tibetan poultry farmAgriculture officials in China reported yesterday that the H5N1 avian influenza virus struck a farm near Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, according to a report from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The report said the birds were chickens from a live bird market. The outbreak killed 1,500 of the farm’s 3,179 poultry, and the remaining birds were culled to prevent the spread of the disease. Tibet’s last outbreak was reported in April 2008, according to previous reports.[Apr 10 OIE report]Study: Intranasal flu vaccine topped injected vaccine in military recruitsIn a study involving thousands of US military personnel, the live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV, or FluMist) provided better protection in new recruits than a conventional trivalent injected vaccine (TIV) did, according to a new report published by Vaccine. In 2005-06 and 2006-07, rates of influenza-like illness (ILI) were 22% to 51% and 18% to 47% lower in the LAIV group than in the TIV group. Seasoned service personnel, however, had slightly but significantly greater protection with TIV than with LAIV, according to the report by military medical researchers. They also found that ILI rates were much higher in the recruits than in seasoned soldiers.NIAID grant supports new biodefense centerOregon Health and Science University (OHSU) and the University of Washington recently announced that they have received a 5-year, $40.7 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) to establish a regional biodefense and emerging infectious disease center, according to an Apr 15 press release from OHSU. The Pacific Northwest Regional Center for Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases is based at OHSU and involves several other partner institutions. Researchers will investigate a broad range of diseases and pathogens, including Ebola, SARS, avian and 1918 influenza, dengue fever, yellow fever, and West Nile virus. The center’s research will focus on two main areas in its search for new therapeutic targets: defects in the aging immune system and the identification of disease-host interactions through genomics and genetic analyses.Foodborne disease cases in Toronto estimated at 437,000 per yearA new report from Toronto Public Health (TPH) estimates the city’s burden of foodborne disease at 437,093 cases per year, or about one case for every six residents. The cost of foodborne illness in the city is estimated at $476 million to $587 million a year. Outbreak-associated disease cases are highest in the winter, whereas sporadic cases are most common in the summer and early fall, the report says. It says sporadic cases have declined in the past 5 years, following the introduction of TPH’s DineSafe program. TPH posts restaurant inspection results online and on signs in restaurant windows.[TPH report] Initial probe finds no infectious disease in horses’ deathsIn an investigation into the deaths of 21 horses at the site of a Wellington, Fla., polo match, no evidence has been found so far to suggest an infectious disease cause, Charles Bronson, Florida’s Agriculture and Consumer Services (FACS) commissioner, said today in a press release. The horses were on a Venezuelan team that was scheduled to play yesterday. They didn’t show any signs of illness in the morning, but after they were transported to the polo stadium, some animals were found dead and others had severe illness signs, including depression, breathing difficulties, and problems moving and standing, according to the release. Fourteen horses died by yesterday evening and the other seven died overnight. No other horses appear to have symptoms. State officials said the rapid onset of sickness and death suggests an adverse drug reaction or toxicity. Authorities are conducting necropsies and toxicology tests, but results may not be known for several days.
FlixBus, the European leader in passenger transport, is expanding its network of international bus lines from Croatia at the beginning of the new season. Zagreb is thus additionally connected with new destinations in Switzerland and Germany by daily direct lines.Thanks to the constant investment in the development of the FlixBus green network from 22.3. passengers will be able to travel daily on the route Zagreb – Ljubljana – St. Gallen – Zurich – Basel – Freiburg stand out from FlixBus. “Listening to the wishes of passengers, and monitoring passenger traffic in Croatia, we noticed that this route has long been in great demand for a simple and affordable connection. With this night line, we have expanded our offer and provided passengers with new destinations in Switzerland and Germany for the recent spring trips. Offering an alternative to air and rail transport with shorter journeys and affordable prices, our goal is to connect Croatian cities with as many destinations in Europe as possible and make Flixbus quality and standard available to everyone..” said Petra Milanović, Public Relations Manager for FlixBus CEE South region.By digitizing the bus industry, FlixBus has made it possible to connect cities across EuropeIn just four years, Flixbus has managed to create a network of bus lines in 26 European countries that connects 1400 destinations with over 250.000 daily connections. The business model that combines the traditional bus industry and high technology allows passengers to travel cheaply and comfortably in state-of-the-art green buses. “Our Croatian bus partners have recognized this successful business model, which has been accepted by passengers throughout Croatia. Currently, more than 100 destinations in Croatia are connected to the FlixBus network by direct connections with 10 European countries, and further development and better frequency are planned.”Concluded Milanovic.FlixBus buses offer free Wi-Fi, sockets next to the seats, more space between the seats, free luggage and the possibility of changing and canceling reservations up to 15 minutes before departure, online ticket purchase without waiting in lines at the box office and passenger identification only via QR code and smart phone.
However, the workers’ organization Croatia Airlines (ORCA) announced a strike.After the meeting held with the Prime Minister of the Republic of Croatia, Mr. Andrej Plenković, on July 06.07.2018, 20, an agreement was reached with the Prime Minister’s promise that the necessary conditions will be created soon, primarily the appointment of a new and competent Management Board. a collective agreement that is the foundation of all civilized western airlines, including Croatia Airlines.After that, the start of the strike was postponed, but as they point out from ORCA, unfortunately for them, the Prime Minister did not fulfill his side of the agreement and they were forced to announce the strike of the day again. 08.08.2018. starting at 6 p.m. morning. “We would like to emphasize once again that this was the last option for us, but after not even the last agreement resulted in any reaction from the owner’s representatives, unfortunately for all of us, we were forced to take this step.. ” conclude from ORCA.The reason for the strike is poor working conditions, too many working hours and low wages, especially in the context of competition and at the level of the profession in Europe.Croatia Airlines: ORCA union strike to cause losses of up to EUR 800.000 on each day of strikeThe CA management also reacted to the announced strike, and in the manner of the claim concept, warned that the loss for the company would amount to EUR 800.000 per day of the strike, that the strike would affect almost 7000 passengers only on the first announced day of the strike union demands, represented an increase in wage and benefit costs of more than 30 percent, or about $ 53 million annually.By the way, Croatia Airlines ended the first half of this year with the best financial result in the last four years. In the first six months of 2018, a total of 949.007 passengers were transported, which is 5 percent more than in the same period in 2017, with a achieved passenger occupancy factor (PLF) of 70,9 percent, which is an increase of 1,3 percentage points.In 2018, Croatia Airlines started flying to two new destinations, Mostar throughout the year and Dublin during the summer season, and new seasonal routes were introduced from Dubrovnik to Munich and from Split to Copenhagen. In addition to the new routes, this year’s summer flight schedule also increased the number of weekly flights on some existing routes. Croatia Airlines aircraft also fly to all eight new European destinations, ie on all seasonal routes introduced during 2016 and 2017 – from Zagreb to Stockholm, Oslo, Helsinki, Bucharest, Lisbon, Milan, Prague and St. Petersburg.During the summer flight schedule, Croatia Airlines today connects Croatia with 40 destinations in 23 European countries in regular international traffic, and in cooperation with partners from the Star Alliance and the whole world.
After last year’s acquisition of the Austrian Hotel Obertauern, Valamar Riviera continues to invest and raise quality. Hotel Valamar Obertauern 4 * opens on November 29 and remains open until April 19, 2020. Photo: Valamar Riviera Located in Obertauern, Austria, at 1.700 meters above sea level, Valamar Obertauern 4 * offers a holiday for skiers in the Salzburg Alps. The hotel has direct access to the ski slope, as many as 26 lifts and ski slopes of varying difficulty with a total length of 100 km. Valamar Obertauern 4 * in the new season 2019/2020. brings renovated wellness zones with a relaxation room, hot tub and beauty treatment room, Balance Mediterranean Spa by Valamar, which uses organic cosmetics based on Mediterranean herbs and ingredients, local and recognized world manufacturers. There is also a new hotel lobby, hotel restaurant and new fitness center, and guests will also be able to enjoy the delicacies of Mediterranean, local and international cuisine in the show-cooking restaurant Maremonti and the new wine bar. Depending on the size of the room, the price of accommodation with half board for two adults is 200 euros and for two adults with two children 350 euros per day. The hotel has 80 accommodation units and all guests can expect a wide selection of comfortable rooms and suites overlooking the mountains as well as a variety of entertainment and relaxation facilities, while the youngest are provided entertainment at the Maro Club with an innovative animation program. According to Valamar, in the new season 2019/2020. Guests of the Valamar Hotel will be greeted by a number of novelties such as a renovated wellness zone, a new restaurant and a new fitness center
In order to seriously position ourselves on the European map of congress tourism, it has been pointed out for years that we need congress halls that can accommodate over 1000 participants. Pical Convention Center / Photo: Valamar Riviera Pical Convention Center in Poreč, it will be able to accommodate up to 1200 people, adapt to every type of conference, seminar, meeting, exhibition and event, and ensure the highest level of support for the organization of the event, Valamar points out. “We are building the Pical Convention Center as part of the largest project in Croatian tourism, which we want to bring a new quality to Poreč tourism and strengthen its positioning as one of the most prestigious destinations on the Adriatic. The MICE segment of the tourist business enables the extension of the tourist season, brings guests interested to get to know and experience the destination and our mission is to provide them with the best service of organizing events and staying in Poreč “, said Davor Brenko, vice president of sales and marketing at Valamar Riviera. Valamar is investing HRK 1,5 billion in Poreč’s Pical Riviera In addition to the investments already made in the previous period, Valamar on Poreč’s Pical Riviera, which along with Hotel Pinea includes the Valamar Collection Marea Suites 5 *, opened last year, Valamar Parentino Hotel 4 * (ex Zagreb) which will be expanded and further enriched with facilities for the 2020 season. and the existing accommodation capacities of Valamar Pinia Hotel, plans to invest a total of around 1,5 billion kuna. But now Valamar Riviera is entering the scene, building the largest hotel congress center in Istria – Pical Convention Center The total value of the investment that Valamar will realize in Hotel Pinea is HRK 790 million, and its completion is planned for the 2021 season. In addition to the large congress hall, guests will have at their disposal seven meeting rooms and state-of-the-art event equipment, sound and technology. Hotel Pinea will offer 514 accommodation units, and a total of as many as 1100 guest accommodation units nearby. Apart from Šibenik, ie the Šibenik Convention Center within the Amadria Park, which has the capacity to organize conferences with a capacity of up to 1500 people, so far in Croatia we have not had another representative facility / destination that can host large congresses. Also, in Zagreb, as the capital of Croatia, there has been talk for years about the need for the same and construction has been announced by the City several times, but still everything is just an empty story. With the realization of these investments, the area of Pical Riviera in Poreč will become one of the most attractive tourist zones in Croatia, Valamar concludes. Today, the leading Croatian tourist company Valamar Riviera announced the construction of the largest hotel event center in Istria. News that will certainly strengthen Istria’s position in the MICE segment and create added value.
Looking at the counties, the highest number of overnight stays is recorded Istrian County (258 thousand, 31%), then follows Primorsko-goranska županija (200 thousand overnight stays, 24%) and Zadar County (144 thousand overnight stays, 17%), while looking at destinations, most overnight stays were realized in Rovinj (44 thousand overnight stays), Viru (35 thousand overnight stays), Medulinu (27 thousand overnight stays), Mali Lošinj (26 thousand overnight stays) i I deny it (25 thousand overnight stays). During the extended weekend most nights spent in household facilities (31% of nights, 263 thousand nights), camps (26%, 218 thousand overnight stays) and in hotels (13%, 112 thousand overnight stays). According to the first results of the eVisitor system, which includes traffic generated in the commercial and non-commercial segment and nautical charter, 19 arrivals and 22 overnight stays were realized in Croatia during the extended weekend, ie in the period from 185.389 to 842.659 June. about 210.000 tourists. Out of the total number of overnight stays, domestic tourists realized 23% of overnight stays, and foreign tourists 77%, of which most overnight stays were realized by tourists from Germany (202 thousand overnight stays, 24% share in total overnight stays), Slovenian (168 thousand overnight stays, 20% share), Austria (79 thousand overnight stays, 9% share) and Czech Republic (63 thousand overnight stays, 7% share). “We have entered the main part of the tourist year, Croatia is among the few Mediterranean countries in which tourist traffic is currently being realized and we should be proud of that fact. The defense system against the coronavirus throughout the country is set at a high level. We respect the efforts and recommendations of the competent professional services. Conditions have been provided for a safe tourist summer, day by day we will record an increasing influx of guests, and it is up to all of us, both citizens and tourists, to act responsibly and adhere to all prescribed epidemiological measures. “, said the director of the CNTB, Kristjan Staničić, adding that promotional activities aimed at the domestic market will start in a few days.